Stein, R.H. (1989). The Argument of Romans 13:1-7. Novum Testamentum, 31, 325-343.

The clearest passage in the New Testament dealing with the relationship of the Christian to the State is found in Rom 13:1-7. Although other important passages discuss this issue,l nowhere else is the argument as clearly and as carefully constructed. A great deal has been written on this passage concerning such things as: its authentic or non-authentic nature; its origin; non-Pauline editorial additions; the historical situation in Rome which occasioned this passage; parallels in Jewish, pagan, and Christian literature; lexical studies such as the meaning of the words “authorities,” “conscience,” “sword” ; etc. Surprisingly little, however, has been written on the argument of this passage. It is interesting to note in this regard the disproportionate amount of time and energy that has been spent on “background materials” to Rom 13:1-7 and how little has been spent in seeking to understand how the statements found in this passage relate to one another to form a cohesive argument. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the construction of the Pauline argument found in this passage [GS]