#Jesus

  • ‘I Call You Friends’: Jesus as Patron in John 15 | Daniel K. Eng
    This article proposes that John 15:13–16 draws on the language of Roman patronage, which impacts the understanding of Jesus’s sayings regarding friends. We will suggest that φίλος conveys a regent obedient to a royal patron. Thus, the role of Jesus’s friend is one of subordination, not equality. After an introduction to patronage, this article makes…
  • “The Voice of His Blood”: Christ’s Intercession in the Thought of Stephen Charnock | Themelios
    The nineteenth-century Scottish Presbyterian theologian William Symington wrote concerning Christ’s intercession, “in a practical and consolatory point of view, its interest is not exceeded even by the Atonement. The two are, however, inseparably connected; although we fear that, in this instance, men have not been sufficiently aware of the evil of putting asunder what God…
  • Christ as Mediator: The Offices of Christ | Thomas J. Nettles
    As the mediator between God and his people, Jesus Christ fulfills and unifies three offices that are present yet distinct in the Old Testament. Those who hold the office of prophet are those by whom God’s people are given necessary knowledge about God. Jesus Christ came as the perfect prophet because he is the very…
  • Christ in the Old Testament | Stephen M. Coleman
    God’s revelation throughout the Old Testament prefigures, anticipates, and announces beforehand the redemption that he would accomplish in the person and work of his incarnate Son, Jesus Christ. When the apostles read the Old Testament, they saw references to Christ and his kingdom, as it were, on every page. Jesus is the second Adam, the…
  • Christocentrism: An Asymmetrical Trinitarianism? | Themelios
    Does “Christocentrism” betray an asymmetrical trinitarianism that neglects the Father and the Spirit? The spate of calls for “Christ-centeredness” in evangelicalism’s past few generations collude with the twentieth century’s revivified trinitarianism to prompt this question. After laying out the tension with a brief historical overview, we will bring the teaching of the NT to bear…
  • Jesus Christ, the Son of Man | Fred Zaspel
    The designation Son of Man means, for Jesus, both that he is human as we are, a son of Adam, and that he is the coming Messiah, who has been given authority by the Most High and reigns over his kingdom through his weakness, seen most clearly at the cross. While the expression “son of…
  • Jesus Christ: The Last Adam | Brandon D. Crowe
    This essay focuses on the biblical portrait of Adam and his relation to Christ. First, I will consider what the OT says about Adam, including the covenant made with Adam. In the beginning God entered into a covenant with Adam promising him eternal life on the condition of perfect obedience. Adam is therefore best understood…
  • The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus | Benjamin C. F. Shaw
    The claim of Jesus’s bodily resurrection is central to the gospel message. Without his bodily resurrection, Jesus’s claims to divinity would be empty, and the gospel’s claim to be the power of God for salvation would be false. Although many with naturalistic presuppositions have questioned the legitimacy of the claim of resurrection, six facts support…
  • The Deity of Christ | Robert Letham
    Jesus’ deity was expressed indirectly but pervasively in the New Testament. It was indirect since the powerful Old Testament monotheism rendered any claim to deity blasphemous. It was pervasive since the overwhelming evidence for Jesus’ identity with God dominated the thought, belief, and worship of the church from its earliest days after Pentecost. Jesus characteristically…
  • The Humanity of Christ | Luke Stamps
    The humanity of Christ refers to the reality that in his incarnation, the Son of God assumed a complete human nature with all its limitations (but without in any way surrendering his divinity), so that he might serve as humanity’s representative, substitute, and example. In his incarnation, the Son of God assumed a complete human…
  • The Incarnation and Two Natures of Christ | Stephen Wellum
    Incarnation is the term that refers to the supernatural act of the triune God, whereby the eternal, divine Son, from the Father, by the agency of the Spirit, took into union with himself a complete human nature apart from sin. As a result, the Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, now and forevermore exists as one person…
  • The Intercessory Work of Christ | Robert Letham
    The intercession of Christ is efficacious. It is not like our prayers that are often of necessity uncertain and conditional. Rather, Christ blesses his church effectively as the characteristic feature of the time between his ascension and his return. Christ, having ascended to the right hand of the Father, blesses his church by his presence…
  • The Messianic Hope | T. D. Alexander
    At the heart of the Old Testament is the expectation that God will send a unique king, associated with the Davidic dynasty, who will bring God’s blessing to the nations of the world. Significantly, he will sacrifice his life to atone for the sins of others. Beginning in the book of Genesis, God intimates that…
  • The Obedience and Sinlessness of Christ | Micah McCormick
    Jesus Christ came as the incarnated divine Son to live a human life of perfect obedience and submission. While we are unable to live a life without sin, Jesus was our representative and lived a perfect life on our behalf, a life attested to throughout the Bible. This obedient life fulfilled the expectations of the…