#Trinity

  • A Critical Examination of Jonathan Edwards’s Doctrine of the Trinity | Ralph Cunnington
    This article critically examines Jonathan Edwards’s doctrine of the Trinity with a particular focus upon his understanding of the person of the Holy Spirit. While his restatement of Augustinian orthodoxy served the church well during a time of great doctrinal heterodoxy, it created some problems of its own. These problems were rooted in his use…
  • A Japanese Perspective on the Trinity | Nozomu Miyahira
    The Christian doctrine of the Trinity has traditionally been expressed in terms of three persons and one substance or being. This belief and formulation is taken for granted by orthodox Christians. But a question may emerge when we take into consideration the fact that, although the gospel itself is universally relevant, unrestricted to any particular…
  • A Spirited Humanity: The Trinitarian Ecclesiology of Colin Gunton | Themelios
    Conflict in relationships is often rooted in inappropriate or unmet expectations. This commonplace wisdom regarding everyday relationships is no less true of one’s relationship to the church. Our conduct and feelings toward the church are governed largely by our expectations of what the church should be. These expectations, furthermore, are rooted in our understanding of…
  • B. B. Warfield and the Biblical Doctrine of the Trinity | Scott R. Swain
    B. B. Warfield’s 1915 ISBE article on the Trinity presents the Princeton theologian’s mature thinking on the biblical bases and meaning of the doctrine and offers a revisionist interpretation of the personal names of “Father,” “Son,” and “Spirit.” Instead of interpreting the personal names of the Trinity in terms of relations of origin, Warfield argues…
  • Christocentrism: An Asymmetrical Trinitarianism? | Themelios
    Does “Christocentrism” betray an asymmetrical trinitarianism that neglects the Father and the Spirit? The spate of calls for “Christ-centeredness” in evangelicalism’s past few generations collude with the twentieth century’s revivified trinitarianism to prompt this question. After laying out the tension with a brief historical overview, we will bring the teaching of the NT to bear…
  • The Identity of the Holy Spirit: A Problem in Trinitarian Theology | John Webster
    Christian theology has been traditionally reticent in its talk of the Holy Spirit. In his Letters to Serapion, one of the classic texts of Christian pneumatology, Athanasius counselled restraint in view of the ineffability of the Spirit as one who entirely transcends the world of creatures. Such restraint is, however, not simply the fruit of due modesty…
  • The Trinity and Christian Devotion | Ryan Mcgraw
    The Trinity is the foundation, content, and goal of Christian faith and devotion. In salvation, the Father sends the Son to save his people through the power of the Spirit. Likewise, Christians are reconciled to God the Father through the life, death, and resurrection of the Son through the power Spirit, who is our seal…
  • The Trinity—Yesterday, Today and the Future | Robert Letham
    In 1967 Karl Rahner famously drew attention to the then widespread neglect of the Trinity, claiming that ‘should the doctrine of the Trinity have to be dropped as false, the major part of religious literature could well remain virtually unchanged’. Since then a raft of works have appeared, volumes by the truckload, but as far…
  • Trinitarian Agency and the Eternal Subordination of the Son: An Augustinian Perspective | Themelios
    In recent years a debate has emerged among conservative evangelicals over the “eternal functional subordination” (EFS) of the Son. At the center of this dispute is the question of how we are to understand scriptural teaching regarding the nature of the Son’s eternal relationship to the Father. Is the obedience of the Son to the…
  • Trinitarianism in the Early Church | Coleman Ford
    Evangelicals have much to consider when it comes to trinitarian reflection in the early church. First, the early church vigorously defended the Trinity from Scripture. Understanding the Trinity was not an exercise in proof-texting or philosophical sophistry, but rather deep Holy Spirit-driven whole-Bible reading. Their trinitarian consciousness was woven throughout their writing, their worship, and…
  • Trinity, Creation, and Re-creation: A Comparison of Karl Barth and Herman Bavinck’s Trinitarian Doctrines of Creation | Jarred Jung
    Karl Barth’s doctrine of creation, while rooted in his doctrine of the Trinity, errs in the way that creation is conflated into re-creation, resulting in a diminished doctrine of creation at the expense of his christological Trinitarianism. By comparing Barth’s doctrine of creation with that of Dutch Reformed theologian Herman Bavinck, this article argues that…
  • Why our Evangelism Must be Trinitarian | Stephen N. Williams
    … Or why should it be? A case: a church in its evangelistic preaching proclaims that there is a God from whom we are alienated who sent His Son to die for us so that we, believing in him, may have eternal life. Some believe. Later on they are inducted into belief in the Trinity. This…