Gentry, P. (2008). The Atonement in Isaiah’s Fourth Servant Song (Isaiah 52:13-53:12)

Many exegetes and theologians have mined Isa 52:13-53:12 for biblical instruction on the death of the Servant and expounded its meaning in terms of a penal substitutionary atonement, focusing in particular on the contribution of the third stanza (53:4-6). This exegetical study will focus specifically on the first and fifth stanzas (52:13-15 and 53:10-12) as improved interpretations of these stanzas can provide a full-orbed understanding of the meaning and significance of the death of the Servant. [PDF]